Complete Beginner’s Guide to Essay Writing

essay writing

You need to write a lot of essays in school and college. An essay is where you discuss one topic and explain your thoughts.

When writing an essay, make sure that you start with a plan before you write. This will help you organize everything and make your writing phase easy.

However, you don’t have an idea about essay writing. Don’t worry. Read this blog and know everything about it.

What is an Essay?

The essay is a type of writing used to express ideas in an engaging way. It is a short piece of writing that discusses and demonstrates the author's opinions, thoughts on the subject matter, and information.

The main purpose of writing an essay is to:

  • Persuade the reader
  • Discuss the topic in detail
  • Provide information about the chosen topic

Moreover, no matter how long or short your essay is, it should be engaging and informative. A good rule of thumb for writing an essay: make sure that the reader can understand what all of these words mean without any difficulty in their pronunciation.

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Types of Essay Writing

When it comes to writing an essay, there isn't just one type - but many. So, take a look at some common types in more detail and know how they differ from each other:

  • Narrative Essay
  • A narrative essay is in which the author tells a story through their point of view. When writing this type of essay, you should include characters, their surroundings, and some kind of plot with an interesting climax at its end.

    The narrative essay is a type of creative writing that tests your ability to tell stories interestingly. You're expected to think about where the story begins and ends, how best to convey it with eye-catching language.

    Further, a narrative essay makes the best use of creativity and imagination. The writer can organize their argument in any way they like, make personal statements, and draw conclusions to engage readers throughout the essay.

  • Descriptive Essay
  • A descriptive essay is a detailed description that paints the reader's mind with words. It can be about an object, place, or person.

    In a descriptive essay, you should make your sentence interesting and creative. You should give readers deep information so they'll know more.

  • Persuasive Essay
  • A persuasive essay is a piece of academic writing in which the writer shows that their point of view is more legal than any other.

    Persuasive writing is a part of the contemporary world. It can find in newspapers, advertisements, and even on blogs.

  • Expository Essay
  • An expository essay provides information, defines and illustrates a certain topic. This type of essay aims to provide the reader with all they need to understand the topic easily.

  • Cause and Effect Essay
  • A cause and effect essay is a type of essay that identifies the causes and their effects, usually negative or positive. A good essay is based on clear facts and research.

    Further, this type of essay should be well-structured; otherwise, the readers will not understand your claims.

  • Argumentative Essay
  • An argumentative essay is when the author takes a clear side in an argument. They will show that their opinion is right with evidence. Argumentative essays are common in high school and college. They require critical thinking skills and the ability to think about topics in a deeper way.

  • Compare and Contrast Essay
  • A compare and contrast essay is a type of writing where you talk about how two subjects are different and the same. For example, you can compare two different types of animals or two books from the same time period.

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How to Write an Essay?

Writing an essay is common for many classes, but it's important to know what your assignment entails before you start writing.

However, for your help, we gathered some steps that will help you in your essay writing phase.

  1. 1. Understand Your Assignment
  2. The nature of your essay will depend on the type of essay that you are writing. This means that if you are assigned to write an essay for class, carefully understand your assignment and look at what's required in advance to avoid getting off track.

  3. 2. Choose a Topic
  4. The best way to come up with an idea for your essay is by brainstorming or getting help from the professor.

    When brainstorming for an essay topic, get all your ideas out on paper. Mind mapping or clustering is a great way to do this by writing down whatever comes into mind and then grouping them in different ways until you find something that interests you.

    Once you have a list of possible essay topics, it's time to choose the best one to write about easily. Avoid picking complex or broad essay topics.

  5. 3. Conduct Research
  6. Research is a crucial step in the process of writing. The research will help you find out what information to include, how people think about your topic and why they care enough about it to write an article or book on it.

  7. 4.Create Thesis Statement
  8. A good thesis statement is the backbone of every essay. It should briefly summarize what you're going to discuss in your essay. You can check thesis statement examples to learn how to write them effectively.

    One sentence says what this whole piece will be about, and you can use it in your essay introduction and restate it in the conclusion.

  9. 5. Create an Essay Outline
  10. The next step is to outline what you are going to write about. This means that your essay will have a solid structure, which can help it be more logical and organized.

    An essay outline consists of three main parts, and it might look like this:


    Major counter-argument(s) to your thesis

    • Main Body Paragraphs
    • Point 1 that support your thesis statement
    • Point 2 that support your thesis statement
    • Point 3 that support your thesis statement


  11. 6. Write an Introduction
  12. An introduction will give an idea to readers of what the rest of your essay is all about. It also presents a thesis statement that should be easy for any reader to understand.

    Thinking how to start an essay? Always start the essay with a strong hook statement that grabs the reader’s attention. You can check hook examples to know how to use them in an essay. Also, provide some information about the topic, but not in detail.

  13. 7. Write the Main Body Paragraphs
  14. The body paragraphs contain detailed information that supports your thesis statement. Only write relevant information you gathered in the research phase.

    Paragraphs are the building blocks that hold together an essay. Each paragraph should have the main idea developed throughout the rest of your text to support it with examples or evidence.

    You must end your paragraph with a conclusion, which restates your point and analyses the evidence. You can also use transition words. These will help to transition smoothly into another section of text in no time.

  15. 8. Write a Conclusion
  16. While writing the conclusion paragraph, you should:

    • Wrap up the entire essay
    • Restate the thesis statement
    • Include a final broad statement
  17. 9. Proofreading and Editing
  18. When you finish writing the essay, start the proofreading phase. It is a good idea to take some time and then start proofreading. Remove all the mistakes like grammatical, punctuation, vocabulary, etc.

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Essay Writing Format

The most popular format for an essay is the five-paragraph structure. Without a proper essay format, you will not create a well-written essay.

Here is a format for your ease.

  1. Introduction Paragraph
    • Start with an interesting hook statement
    • Provide some background information
    • State the thesis statement
  2. First Body Paragraph
    • Start with a topic sentence
    • Give supporting details
    • Example(s) to prove the thesis statement
  3. Second Body Paragraph
    • Start with a topic sentence
    • Give supporting details
    • Example(s) to prove the thesis statement
  4. Third Body Paragraph
    • Start with a topic sentence
    • Give supporting details
    • Example(s) to prove the thesis statement
  5. Conclusion
    • Summarize the entire essay
    • Restate the thesis statement

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Essay Writing Examples

It's helpful to have examples when you're writing an essay. In this way, it will be easier for you to write a great essay in no time.

For your help, we gathered some great examples that will help you write a perfect essay.

Essay Sample (PDF)

Essay Sample

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Essay Writing Topics

Here are some great essay topics that you can use as inspiration for your next essay assignment:

  • Should students improve their essay writing skills?
  • Tricks that can help you find a nice roommate in college.
  • Peer interaction in school leads to improved social skills
  • Is nursing a good career for talented men and women?
  • Describe a smartphone and its benefits to someone from the ‘60s.
  • Is population control a solution for global warming?
  • Professional athletes should be allowed to consume steroids.
  • How will our lives be different once we have flying cars?
  • What is the difference between a simple essay and a term paper?
  • What are the causes and effects of terrorism?

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Essay Writing Tips

Writing an essay is never easy, but it can be easier if you use these expert tips.

  • You will have to draft the outline of your essay in advance, so when the time comes for writing or editing, just focus on one section at a time and make sure each point has been covered before moving on to another part of your work.
  • The perfect length for your essay is 300-500 words. If you are unsure about the assignment instructions, it's best to keep this range in mind and adjust accordingly when necessary.
  • Your essay needs a topic that will grab the reader's attention from the start.
  • The perfect essay should have no grammar, punctuation, or spelling errors. Otherwise, the reader will be distracted from your essay and unable to understand what you are trying to say.
  • A good way to improve your essay is by learning the basic types of sentences and identifying which one best suits the kind you are writing.
  • To persuade someone into believing something new or different, you must employ reason-based persuasive techniques that rely heavily upon logic.
  • Present evidence that is relevant to your essay topic.
  • In the narrative essay, add some personal data and experiences.
  • Citations are a necessary component of an essay and research paper. To ensure that your work is being accurately cited and properly formatted, make sure you have checked the citations for accuracy.

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